Diabetes is a major health concern not only in Florida, U.S. but in the whole country and even globally. What is worrying is that a 2015 Center for Disease Control report highlighted that in the United States, 22% of cases were undiagnosed meaning that the victims were not aware they had the condition and they could not seek any kind of treatment (Stokes & Preston, 2017). Although Diabetes can affect anyone, it is highly prevalent among people who are above 65 years.
Diabetes Prevalence in Florida, U.S
The figure above shows diabetes prevalence rates in Florida, United States. In a 2016 study, it was found that out of the total cases, people between ages 18 to 44 accounted for at least 3.4 %, while 45 to 64 years accounted for 13.4 %, and lastly, 65+ age were more than 23.5 % (Lord & Roberson, 2020). More specifically, diabetes affects a large proportion of non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics more than non-Hispanic whites.
Diabetes is an expensive disease in terms of cost of management. Prediabetes is a serious health condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes (Mendola et al 2018). Approximately 88 million American adults whereby more than 1 in 3 have prediabetes. Examples of indirect costs include the inability to work, absenteeism, and loss of productivity.
People with type 1
don’t produce insulin while type 2 doesn’t respond to insulin. Type 1 is an autoimmune reaction that attacks cells in your pancreas that produce insulin and is caused by inherited genetics or environmental elements (Lord& Roberson, 2020). Type 2 happens when your body becomes resistant to insulin and is associated with genetics and lifestyle choice.
The landscape of Diabetes Management
The figure above is an illustration of a specific landscape of diabetes management. Some of the key aspects of the management of diabetes include its agnostic, constant monitoring of weight and lifestyle, glucose monitoring, and drug therapy (Callaghan et al 2019). It is worth noting that each aspect is essential. Glucose monitoring, for example, entails continuous monitoring of the glucose levels to ensure they are on the required levels while therapy entails insulin and oral therapy(Cervino et al 2019).
Changing Landscape for Type 1 Diabetes-the First Step to Prevention
The table above illustrates the ever-changing landscape for type one diabetes, which is the first and most important step in the right direction for prevention. For instance, stage 0 key defining features include at least one positive antibody, and examples of past prevention trials examples are bovine insulin, gluten, and cow milk protein (Callaghan et al 2019). Consequently, for stage one, the main features are clinically asymptomatic and lack of dysglycaemia, and secondary prevention is utilized. All this happens up to stage three, each stage with a distinct feature, cell mass, and prevention trial.
Options For Diabetes Treatment
There are various types of diabetes treatment. They include but are not limited to insulin administration, diet and exercise, home glucose meter, and oral meds, among others. For instance, insulin is administered via injection or inhaler while for oral med, type two diabetes patients take oral pills to manage their blood sugar level (Raveendran et al 2018). A home glucose meter aids in testing what is required to eat daily and exercise is an approach to lifestyle change to ensure that one’s body is healthy and fit.
New Options or Strategies for Treating Diabetes
Additionally, some new options and strategies can be used in the modern-day era for the effective treatment and management of diabetes. Specifically for type 2 diabetes, it involves, physicians intervention is more than necessary as far as controlling blood sugar is concerned. Besides, getting actively involved in several exercises as might be advised by the physician is more than useful (Raveendran et al 2018). Blood sugar should be controlled within three months failure to which the doctors need to try other available treatment options.
Current research has no tangible detail regarding the nature of the benefit that is accrued as far as herbal or nonherbal supplements are concerned. This, therefore, means that people with diabetes should, by all means, avoid these and follow the prescription that has been offered by their doctors (Raveendran et al 2018). Besides, no research has shown any benefit for regular supplementation with antioxidants meaning that they should be avoided.
Callaghan, T., Ferdinand, A. O., Akinlotan, M. A., Towne Jr, S. D., & Bolin, J. (2020). The changing landscape of diabetes mortality in the United States across region and rurality, 1999‐2016. The Journal of Rural Health, 36(3), 410-415.
Cervino, G., Terranova, A., Briguglio, F., De Stefano, R., Famà, F., D’Amico, C.,… & Fiorillo, L. (2019). Diabetes: Oral health related quality of life and oral alterations. BioMed research international.
Lord, J., & Roberson, S. (2020). Investigation of geographic disparities of pre-diabetes and diabetes in Florida. BMC public health, 20(1), 1-15.
Mendola, N. D., Chen, T. C., Gu, Q., Eberhardt, M. S., & Saydah, S. (2018). Prevalence of total, diagnosed, and undiagnosed diabetes among adults: United States, 2013-2016. US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics.
Raveendran, A. V., Chacko, E. C., & Pappachan, J. M. (2018). Non-pharmacological treatment options in the management of diabetes mellitus. European endocrinology, 14(2), 31.
Stokes, A., & Preston, S. H. (2017). Deaths attributable to diabetes in the United States: comparison of data sources and estimation approaches. PloS one, 12(1).