Economics

Nationwide Consumer Behavior

Role of Consumer Behavior Consumer behavior: broad concept that critically analyzes consumer purchases with the aim of predicting future purchases and explains why a consumer settles on a certain product or service. Positioning refers to the view and opinion a customer places on a product in relation to competition. Consumers...

US Housing Market and Securitization in 2007

Overview of the Subprime Problem The housing problem that peaked up in 2007 was the result of continued unprecedented borrowings and mortgage foreclosures the previous years. It happened due to lack of economic and financial policy to guard against this situation. The policymakers were not able to predict that an...

How Globalisation Has Affected the World Economy

Introduction There was a time when an imported product was used to be seen as a valuable possession. The time has changed and brought with it a dramatic change in global commerce. Today people in most of the world have access to almost every product and service. This change has...

Elasticity: Price Elasticity of Demand

Introduction The elasticity theory is used to evaluate the sensitivity of demand or supply to alterations in variables such as price and income. If the price increases by 100% and demand for cars falls by 200%, then the price elasticity of demand (PED) = -200%/100%= -2. Thus, ignoring the negative...

Impact of Globalisation on Global Politics

Introduction The word globalization does not have a specific definition. This is because it is not related with any specialized field. It is studied in different aspects, amongst which some of them are politics, economics, cross-culturing, international relations and political theory (Evans and Mooney ix). Globalization can be defined as...

Global Effect of the US Financial Crisis

Introduction The financial crisis which began in 2007 is seemingly beginning to end, even though unemployment is increasing. Many households and micro banks meet challenges in re-establish their balanced sheets, and unemployment in conjunction with the sub-prime loans sustains a high rate home foreclosure. The U.S economy recorded a 1%...

Negative Interest Rates and Bank Performance

Introduction Interest rates are often seen as the cost of capital advanced to borrowers. In the banking sector, this tenet of borrowing is keenly monitored because it dictates the profitability of a financial institution. In other words, the higher the interest rates, the higher the likelihood that a bank would...

Protectionism and Free (Open) Trade Policies

Protectionism is an adopted policy. It was adopted by trading countries with the aim of protecting their local industries from competition of foreign industries. Protectionism may involve various elements such as increased tariffs, embargoes, bureaucratic import procedures, foreign exchange controls, subsidies and quotas, import licensing and increased prices of imported...

China and Japan in the Process of Economic Reforms

Introduction This paper assesses the process of reform of China and Japan. In case of China we see that even though free market practice was not prevalent, it emerged with a more structured reform policy than Japan due to its corrupted free market capitalism. We base our study primarily on...

Market Reforms and Trends in the Chinese Government

Since the 20thcentury, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has transformed from a developing agrarian country to a second world economy. In 1978, Deng Xiaoping began reforms that contributed to the rapid development of the country, its prosperity, and overcoming poverty among the population. China’s policy is unique since, even...

Bank of America’s External Analysis

The banking industry in the U.S. is among the most robust in the world, supporting the world largest economy. The industry is comprised of the highest assortment in banking organizations and concentration of private credit. The consolidation of the industry, however, has taken a number of years and it has...

Irish Organic Sector: Consumer Purchasing Behaviors

Introduction Consumer buying behavior entails the buying behaviors of the final consumers or households who usually purchases products or services for personal use. In this type of behavior, marketers are concerned in unraveling how consumers respond to various marketing strategies the company may plan to undertake. Consumer behavior is usually...

Investment Appraisal for Capital Budgeting

Introduction Company valuation essentially entails procedures that help in the estimation of the economic value of the company. It is comes handy in financial decisions involving mergers and acquisitions among other important business procedures. Valuation helps in determining the price that the financial market players are willing to pay or...

Free Trade and Fair Trade

Free trade and fair trade are based on different, almost opposite, principles, and this aspect makes the comparison of their advantages and disadvantages a challenging task. On the one hand, free trade allows for reducing barriers for countries, industries, and manufacturers to create an open market in which all parties...

Three Bankers Listed as the Most Powerful People

The three bankers listed as most powerful people in the whole world are Ben Bernanke, Jean-Claude Trichet, and Masaaki Shirakawa. They fall in positions 4, 5, and 6 respectively (Hummel, 2011). As central bankers, they hold important top government positions that they have attained through formal appointments. Masaki Shirakawa heads...

Will China Overtake the U.S. as the World’s Economic Powerhouse?

Introduction Currently, the U.S has the world’s largest economy followed by Japan, Germany and then China. Most economists now argue that China’s growth can not be ignored as it is a force to reckon with. According to Harford, (2005, p.25), China’s economy has been growing at a rate of 10%...

Commercial Banks Versus Islamic Banks

Commercial banks are banks that are profit or interest-oriented. They provide accounts in which customers bank their money for a particular duration and amount after which they are allowed to borrow loans. These loans are to be later repaid with some interest. The savings from the customers also earn interest....

Capital Adequacy Regulation: Basil Committee on Banking Supervision

Introduction The banking industry is one of the industries that are under strict control from both the national government and international bodies based on their importance in the stability of national and international trade and economies. The enforcement of the regulations is a priority of many organizations. As Nowak reveals,...

Competition Bikes Incorporation

Financial and Operational Analysis Competition Bikes Incorporation is a manufacturer of sports cycles and is a famous brand among professional cyclists. This report presents a financial and operational analysis for Competitors Bikes Incorporation for the past three financial years, which include year 6, 7 and 8. The financial analysis presented...

Dell Inc. Company: Investment Analysis

Introduction Dell is an integrated technology solutions company situated in Texas, United States. However, it has a worldwide presence in the technology world. It develops, designs, and sells all manner of computer hardware and software. This includes desktops, tablets, laptops, anti-virus, and workstations. It is the third best seller of...

Consequences of Downgrading Banks by Credit Rating Agencies

Introduction When a credit agency decides to downgrade the rating level of a bank, the message being communicated across is that the bank affected is less likely to attract investors during a crisis. Nobody would want to invest in an institution where his/her money is not safe. During the recent...

Lessons to Be Learnt by Emerging Markets From Developed Financial Markets

The present regarded industrialized countries seem to enjoying benefits that their expansive economies offer. The first world countries have continued to experience better economic growth because of the influence of stronger and well established financial and security market. Thus, this research paper in it’s entirely, considers lessons that emerging financial...

A Comparison Between Fundamental and Technical Analysis of Stock Performance

Research Proposal Identifying the factors important in explaining movements in equity prices has long been a focus of the research. The research is divisible into two largely distinct and often competing methods of analysis. These are fundamental analysis and technical analysis. Proponent s of each type of analysis have agreed...

Taxation of Non-Residents and Double Tax Agreements

Introduction Over the years, governments of various countries have been charging taxes on both individuals and organizations. A tax is a levy on income earned by citizens and business organizations. Countries all over the world have had tax arrangements whereby income for an individual living in a country other than...

Managing Change and Creativity

Introduction Organizations seeking to gain a competitive advantage in the future need to focus on mechanisms of changing the manner they conduct their businesses. The most desired change is the one that enables an organization to become more profitable. Profitability may be achieved in various ways. One of the significant...

The Reasons for the Global Financial Crises

Introduction In 2007-08, the world experienced unprecedented financial crises that brought numerous financial systems down on their knees. While many analysts view the causes of the crises as single faceted, many empirical researches point multiple causes of the crises (Krishnamurthy 2010, p.23). Many subprime banks and financial institutions collapsed and...

Fluctuation of the Euro and Market Prices

This paper investigates the available literature on fluctuation of the Euro and European market prices. It elucidates the factors that necessitated the establishment of the European Central Bank with the introduction of common currency. Currently, 17 member states of the European Union use Euro as a single currency. Since its...

Book Building and Auctions in Initial Public Offerings

Introduction Bookkeeping is a phrase referring to the course of capturing, generating, and recording an investor’s interest in the shares of a given company, during an IPO. It may also be done to other securities, during the IPO issuance course, where the practice is geared at realizing efficient price allocation....

Canada’s Financial Experience and Perspectives

Buying the Bonds of the Canadian Government A bond is a fiscal tool employed, by a government or corporation, to borrow funds from an investor for a certain duration (Coyle, 2002). The investor creates money through interest at a certain rate and dates. The investor receives money after the bond...

Tamweel Financial Problem Statement and Recommendations

Kinney, John, Skaife Ashbough, and William Collins. “The discovery and reporting of internal control deficiencies before S0X-mandated audits.” Journal of Accounting and Economics 44.1 (2007): 166-192. Web.  The use of internal control deficiency (ICD) is critical in disclosing mandated audits associated with an internal control problem. Complex operations are associated...

Managing Internal Cost & Controlling Finances

Budgetary Areas Raising Concern in the Budget Planning. Competition Bikes Inc. There are some concerns evident in Competition Bikes Inc.’s budgeting plan. Firstly, the yearly activity is not divided into four portions despite the significance of quarterly budgetary schedules in the realms of financial outputs. Notably, cycling is a seasonal...