For an extended period, various changes took place in world trade, which was caused by various factors. For example, developing trade agreements between other countries and strengthening the role of developing countries. The key role in the development of world trade has been played and, despite the current difficulties, continues to be played by the World Trade Organization, which forms and maintains multilateral trade rules and a dispute resolution system. As for the United States itself, the presidents have achieved some success in trade relations with other countries. This term paper aims to examine the impact of recent and proposed changes in current trade agreements between the United States and other countries.
Supply chain management is the organization of the entire production cycle of a product or service, starting with raw materials and ending with the delivery of finished goods to the consumer. The company creates a chain of suppliers responsible for product promotion, from raw material suppliers to organizations interacting with users. The history of international trade trends shows minimal growth between 2012 and 2014, then a decline in 2015 and 2016, and finally a strong recovery in 2017 and 2018 (McCord). Despite significant fluctuations in indicators, the United States still sought to establish the most stable trade relations with other countries.
Supply chain operations cover aspects such as procurement, product lifecycle management, supply chain planning, logistics, and order management. Supply chains have existed since ancient times, starting with the very first product or service created and sold. With the beginning of industrialization, supply chain capabilities have developed significantly, which has allowed companies to produce and deliver goods and services more efficiently. For example, the standardization of Henry Ford automobile parts changed the game’s rules, which provided mass production of goods with the opportunity to meet the needs of a growing customer base.
Over time, gradual changes have led to the emergence of additional features in the systems. The Internet, technological innovation, and the explosive development of a demand-driven global economy have changed everything. Today, the supply chain is no longer linear but rather a complex of disparate networks (Vidrova 1). At the center of these networks are consumers who expect their orders to be completed on time and delivered in the right way.
Today’s supply chain is vast, voluminous, and constantly evolving, which means that it must be flexible to maintain its efficiency. In the past, supply chains met the needs of businesses and customers with an end-to-end model that was virtually unaffected by the change (Vidrova 2). Today, customers can now choose products in different ways: in stores, online, and others. They also expect an increasingly individualized approach. A flexible supply chain can meet these expectations.
In 2020, President Donald Trump began working with China, which demonstrated an unfair policy in the field of international trade relations. The agreement concluded by the two countries regulates the policy of China’s purchases of American goods. This agreement was planned to be maintained after 2021. These measures are aimed at establishing friendly and beneficial ties between America and China. Undoubtedly, the establishment of ties between the countries will help to establish the most positive relations, as well as help the domestic economy of each side.
Dollar claims that even though the trade turnover between America and China has significantly decreased recently, trade cooperation between China and other countries has increased. This means that the economic system of America, rather than China, suffers significantly from the introduction of certain sanctions.
The United States has provided an opportunity for many countries to import their goods to the market duty-free. Nevertheless, America failed to restore positive relations with China, as the countries accused each other of unfair competition (Congressional Research Service 2). The countries have introduced tariff systems against each other, which are unprofitable for cooperation and prevent them from maintaining positive economic relations with each other.
The strategic advantages of the supply chain are that they work for the development of productivity and innovations, which in turn help enterprises in the country to develop. Lee believes that supply chains help competition flourish, which in turn leads to an improvement in the quality of goods and services, as well as the establishment of prices favorable to the population (4). In addition, supply chain development strategies help businesses better adapt to changes in the work environment and allow them to grow and expand.
In conclusion, the development of supply chains gives countries considerable opportunities to develop, interact with other countries competently, and help their populations in the development of their own firms and companies. As for America itself, the spoiled agreements with China undoubtedly had a significant negative impact on its economy since China is a reasonably large importer of various goods. However, this does not mean that the cooperation of the countries can no longer be restored. If the countries’ heads find a solution to their inconsistencies, it will be possible to establish exports and imports. This will enable these countries to raise their economies to an even higher level.
Congressional Research Service. “U.S. Trade Policy: Background and Current Issues.”. 2020. Web.
Dollar, David. “The Future of Global Supply Chains: What are the Implications for International Trade?” Brookings. 2020. Web.
McCord, Mark. “These 3 Charts Show How International Trade Works – and the Current State It’s In.” World Economic Forum. 2021. Web.
Lee, Roc. “The Effect of Supply Chain Management Strategy on Operational and Financial Performance.” Sustainability, vol. 13, no. 5138, 2021, pp. 1-18. Web.
Vidrova, Zdenka. “Supply Chain Management in the Aspect of Globalization.” SHS Web of Conferences, vol. 74, no. 1, 2019, pp. 1-10. Web.